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NCAA’s treatment of athletes is unacceptable Lincoln Plews

Allow me to describe a business plan: you set up a league of 350 basketball teams across the United States.

These teams recruit talented players directly out of high school. Due to societal conditions and professional regulations, players’ other options are so limited that they effectively have no choice but to join your league.

The teams play each other, and the competition is very good. So good, in fact, that sports fans around the nation want to watch them play. You, being a wise businessman, charge for entrance to the games, television broadcasting, jersey sales, etc.

As the founder of this system, you are rolling in dough. Here’s the real kicker, though. Those players, the ones everyone pays to see? Because you’re their only real option, you don’t have to pay them anything! Sound messed up? It is. It’s also exactly what the NCAA does.

Twenty-two million six hundred thousand people watched the men’s college basketball national championship this year.

All those viewers mean big money. The NCAA brought in just under $1 billion last year, $700 million of which came from the multimedia/marketing rights to college basketball.

Everyone who is part of the college basketball system is paid handsomely for their involvement, with one massive exception: the players. The NCAA’s CEO, Mark Emmert, made $1.7 million in 2013. The next two highest paid executives made $1 million and $600,000, respectively.

Coaches are similarly compensated, with top names like John Calipari ($6,300,000) and Mike Krzyzewski ($6,000,000) rewarded for their success.

The most frequent argument made against paying college players is that they are already being paid in the form of a free education. Let’s deconstruct that a bit.

At the University of Kentucky, in-state tuition with room and board totals $26,700. Out-of-state tuition is $40,3000.

The players, who are risking their bodies and future career prospects, all while practicing too frequently to take full advantage of their education, are “paid” .4 percent of what their coach makes.

Income inequality is often justified by saying that people are paid their market value. It doesn’t take much thought to see that doesn’t apply here. Extreme athletic talent is rare and highly valuable, as demonstrated by the massive salaries of professional athletes.

Despite the clear injustice of this situation, most people still oppose paying college athletes. In a Washington Post-ABC News poll from March 2014, 64 percent opposed payment, while only 33 percent supported it. This must change, and the first step is admitting that there is a problem.

How can we allow what is effectively athletic serfdom in the name of “amateur” contests that lead to million-dollar payouts for everyone but those actually playing the game? Is it really that important to our society to have non-paid professional athletes to watch in addition to the paid pros we enjoy every day?

The guise of “amateur” sports and their association with higher education in the United States has allowed an incredible injustice to continue for too long.

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Race and religion: their intersections today and in the past Chadwick Smith

In his speech at the Samuel DeWitt Proctor Conference in 2012, the Rev. Dr. Mack King Carter said, “Part of the attraction to the eschaton is seeing how he [God] will work things out.”

For many black people, we look at what has happened to our people throughout history and at our current situation in America and wonder how God will make sense of the nonsense we have experienced as a people. In the spirit of the Easter holiday, I believe Jesus has responded and will further respond.

When looking at black suffering and asking God why He allows it to exist, I think it is important to take a look at Jesus’ historical context. Jesus of Nazareth was born in an oppressive state. During his lifetime, the Roman Empire had taken over most of the known world. They had oppressive systems in place where the people were unfairly taxed and over-policed.

In addition to Rome’s strict governance, the way the Jewish law was interpreted at the time was such that people had little freedom to simply be themselves.

If I take what my friend Jahqwahn Watson ’17 always says, “Jesus was strategic and planned to come to the earth at the time he did,” and apply it to this situation, then I must believe that God wanted to place himself in an oppressive society as the person being oppressed. Personally, I believe that it was so he could identify with our situation as black people.

Being omniscient, God knew the suffering we would face and he wanted to be sure that we knew that he knew what it felt like to be us. Jesus’ ability to relate gives me a little peace because that means he knew what it is like to be oppressed therefore he knows how to fix the problem, if he is omnipotent. And because Jesus knows what it is like to be oppressed he promises to “set the oppressed free” (Luke 4:18).

I do not know what this will look like or when it will happen, but I do know that I can trust the promises of God and that if he says something, He will deliver. My black brothers, sisters and non-gender conforming folks; God will deliver us from this state of oppression. That is the hope of the cross: that through death and resurrection He’ll make all things wrong in this world right.

Not only does Jesus speak to those who are oppressed but also to those committing the act of oppression. In Luke 19 while traveling, Jesus runs into a man by the name Zacchaeus. He is a man who works on behalf of the Roman government to collect taxes from the Israelites. People viewed him as the person who was directly responsible for their repressive state. He was stealing money from his own people and becoming rich off it. It was taboo in their society to interact with people like Zacchaeus, but Jesus, being the counter-cultural person He was, not only spoke to Zacchaeus first but also went into his house and ate with him.

No one knows the words exchanged between Jesus and Zacchaeus at dinner, but the Bible does tell us the outcome. Zacchaeus was so touched by Jesus that he promised that he would repay anyone he had stolen money from four times over in addition to giving over half of his possessions to the poor.

When Jesus, who is God and who is also oppressed, interacts with the oppressor, hearts and motives are changed. The oppressor is so changed through an interaction with God that he decides to repay the oppressed for their oppression.

To my white brothers and sisters, even though you may not actively take part in oppression, you still reap the benefits from the oppression of black folks, and it is now time for you to rectify the wrongs of the past. That is also the hope of the cross, that those who have done wrong will receive conviction and respond accordingly.

Jesus has a lot to say about black suffering. He offers hope to both groups, the oppressor and the oppressed. It is through Christ’s life, death, and resurrection that He plans for all people to live life without burdens.

It is in the spirit of Jesus (a person of color executed by the state), the first 20 or so Africans to arrive in British North America in 1619, the millions of Africans who lost their lives in the middle passage, Crispus Attucks, the thousands of blacks who witnessed and suffered brutal beatings during slavery, the hundreds of black men and women lynched before and after the Civil War, the many freedom warriors of Reconstruction, Jim Crow and the Harlem Renaissance, the children of the Birmingham Children’s Crusade, the black men who suffered from post tramatic stress disorder after the Vietnam War, the black girls and women who have lost their brothers, sons and fathers due to the war on drugs and the crack era, the many black males and females who were and were not exonerated from the crimes they did and did not commit while serving time on death row and inside the “prison industrial” complex, the hundreds of black people in New Orleans who lost their lives and or were displaced by Hurricane Katrina due to lack of planning and preparation by the government, Aiyana Jones, Trayvon Martin, Renisha McBride, Michael Brown, Eric Garner, Tamir Rice and the countless other blacks who suffer from racism and post-colonialism that I write this.

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Babcock: C3 will miss you Tara Abhasakun

For those who don’t know, Babcock, Wooster’s international program dorm, will be moving non-traditional freshman (a term most often used to refer to gap-year students) to the third floor in replacement of students in the Cross Cultural Connections (C3) program.

The reason for this, according to a Res Life employee, is that the Douglass basement is currently being used for Greek parties, and freshman dorms are supposed to be dry. Next year, when the gap-year students move into the third floor of Babcock, the floor will be dry.

I’ll save you from hearing any more complaints about why it’s stupid that Greeks have to throw parties in dorms now. I know that we have already heard several spiels about that issue. I am simply expressing my sadness at how fewer upperclassmen will be allowed to live in Babcock next year.

Built in 1935, Babcock has been the C3 dorm since 2009. Babcock is a tight-knit community mainly composed of C3 members, though there are a few non-C3 members as well. Non-C3 members choose to live in Babcock for the nice, air-conditioned rooms (I won’t lie, that’s a part of it) as well as the wonderful sense of community. Babcock is great for people who aren’t necessarily party animals, as its residents aren’t as loud as those of some other dorms. Because it’s an internationally themed dorm, many international students as well as domestic students interested in world cultures and affairs choose to live in Babcock, creating an interesting environment for one to learn from their peers.

Since I will no longer be in the C3 program next year, chances are that I will not be able to obtain a single in Babcock next year and therefore will not get to be a part of this amazing community every day in the way I am now. I will miss knowing the names of most people in my hall and the way that everyone greets each other when passing by. I will miss the group activities and being able to easily walk to internationally themed forums and events.

On the other hand, I wish the future gap-year students luck on living in this wonderful dorm. I hope that they will make their own community and discuss their own unique experiences together.

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Equestrian club: still kicking on campus Kelsey Large and Lauren MacDonald

When the average Wooster student thinks about horses, they probably think of teenagers in a chick flick galloping through flowers or of the Kentucky Derby Thoroughbreds thundering down the homestretch.

However far away horses may seem from campus, they are actually here! It is about time that the Equestrian Club receives campus-wide recognition for the club sport that it is.

Since 2003, we have been an active, chartered club sport. Our club members ride horses for fun, compete on the equestrian team or simply attend the meetings that range from watching horsey movies to baking treats for horses (and humans).

Our team members can participate in any of our intercollegiate teams: hunt seat, dressage or western. To put it simply, hunt seat involves jumping horses, dressage is riding in the English style through patterns, and western is riding in the cowboy/cowgirl style through patterns. Every student on campus is welcome to participate in the club and team regardless of their riding experience.

When possible, we even provide ways for non-members to attend equestrian events. For example, on Saturday, April 11 we are hosting a free day trip to the Columbus Equine Affair: a horse convention that includes seminars, shopping, fair food and more. This trip is open to anyone who wishes to go, so if you would like to join, email the club president Lauren MacDonald ’15 ASAP.

Another public event that we will be hosting soon is our annual Equestrian Exhibition. This event allows us to show the campus community what we do by demonstrating our riding. The exhibition will be in Wooster at the Wayne County Fairgrounds — just a five minute drive from campus — and will take place on Sunday, April 26 from 1 p.m. – 2:30 p.m.

If you see us there, don’t be fooled into thinking riding is easy. Riding is all about trying to create an invisible bond between horse and rider, so we will do our best to look like we are doing nothing.

To prepare for the exhibition, we have spent hours in the saddle training our horses, earning sore muscles from the workout we get in our legs, core and arms.

By the way, if you think riding isn’t exercise, you cannot even argue with us until you have tried it. Take a lesson with one of our coaches. We are confident you will change your mind.

Most importantly, we in the Equestrian Club are passionate about what we do. Riding club members cherish the opportunity it gives them to de-stress, to leave campus for a few hours, and to spend time with animals.

Nearly all the Equestrian team riders cite the club as a big reason they decided to attend the College of Wooster. In fact, every year the Admissions office directs many prospective students to the Equestrian Club and our coaches for a tour.

Next time you think of horses and College of Wooster club sports, think about the Equestrian Club.

If you want to join or learn more, check out the website: EquestrianClub.spaces.wooster.edu.

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Newman Catholic Student Association goes to El Salvador on mission Colin Omilanowski

Over the second half of Spring Break, The College of Wooster’s Newman Catholic Student Association embarked on a mission trip to El Salvador, a predominantly Catholic country, basking in a culture brimming with opportunity for cultural exploration.

One of the goals of our trip was to interact with students and understand how El Salvador is growing as a country since it was once fraught with a civil war that claimed 70,000 lives, 30,000 of which were never found, called the “los desaparecidos.”

We stayed at the Community of Oscar A. Romero (COAR), a parochial school hosting more than 900 students. Ranging from first grade to high school, COAR teaches these students for a half day, providing lunch for $1 per day.

The COAR village provides permanent residency for certain children until their 18th birthday. These students, called “internos,” have been officially declared by the government to be safer at COAR than with a relative, if they have one at all.

Because the U.S. government put a travel advisory on El Salvador, groups are discouraged from making the journey there. Yes, we recognized the danger of traveling within a country where the world’s worst gang, MS 13, resides, but we always took precautions to avoid any trouble. Since COAR has armed guards to protect the community, they have not engaged with the gangs for many years.

We spent our time at COAR teaching English to high school classes during the day. While their English skills were at varying levels, most students knew enough for basic communication. If they were stuck on a word, we or their friends helped them out by explaining it in Spanish.

The kids were really cool! They know American pop culture by listening to U.S. music, movies and TV shows. They laughed when others and I failed at speaking Spanish but were appreciative that we spent time and played with them.

In order to grasp El Salvador’s recent violent past, we visited sites where El Salvadorians and U.S. residents were martyred for wanting peace and an end to the war.

El Salvador as a country is deeply religious and acknowledges people such as the famous Archbishop Oscar Romero who stands as a martyr and hero for the country. He was assassinated in 1980 on May 23, and the Catholic Church has blessed him with the next step of canonization, officially declaring him a saint.

While we never had any encounters with gang members, a local nun leading us through the town’s Stations of the Cross in Zaragoza reminded us to always be alert throughout the evening’s activity and be aware of where our group members were at all times.

Showing the dichotomy between rich and poor, we visited a mall similar to one in the U.S. with name brand stores selling wares at American prices. Across the street was a shanty town fastened together with sheet metal and anything available. Knowing that the average daily working wage is $2-3, it was a hard reminder to be in a place so familiar to us but foreign at the same time.

While in the mountains, our group encountered a hospitable elderly lady who invited us to see her house nearby. She welcomed us inside, allowed us to look around and take pictures.

It was fairly simple with one room, sheet metal supported by wood for walls, a dirt floor, a tin roof and a mattress for her and her husband. We were taken aback, but she was so proud of her house, and she wanted to show that it was good enough for guests.

That same day my group members were welcomed as friends to mass in a church similar in structure to the shanty town, holding a capacity crowd of 60 people. At the sign of peace before Communion, these people hugged us, shook our hands and after mass, a spokesman formally and heartily thanked us for wanting to witness how most people without our modern amenities live in the world.

Since I’ve been at Wooster, this is the third mission trip that the Newman Community has sponsored. You don’t have to be Catholic to join our trips or believe in God because it’s much more than religion.

This is a chance to break habits, biases and experience the world! You realize the importance of human rights, education, living conditions, a living wage and what makes people happy.

More information can be found at COARPeaceMission.org.

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Remembering the life and career of Melissa Schultz

Annette Hilton

Contributing Writer

On Saturday, Feb. 7, Associate Professor of Chemistry Melissa Schultz died in a car collision at the intersection of Highland Avenue and Burbank Road.

Originally from White Bear Lake, Minnesota, Schultz earned her Bachelor of Science and Ph.D. in chemistry from Creighton University and Oregon State University, respectively. She was a National Research Council post-doctoral fellow at the U.S. Geological Survey National Water Quality Laboratory in Denver from 2004-06 before coming to Wooster in the fall of 2006, where she was hired for a tenure-track analytical chemistry position in the chemistry department.

Schultz was known for her wholehearted engagement in teaching and research and was an avid proponent of many curriculum changes in the chemistry department, as well as an advocate for new teaching techniques.

“She had a scientific approach to many things — just get out and try the experiment, even if you don’t know what’s going to happen,” said Sarah Sobeck, associate professor of chemistry. “This had influences on a lot of us in the department.”

Schultz, who considered herself first and foremost an environmental chemist, brought new life to environmental research within the department and would often teach courses with an environmental focus. In her time at Wooster, Schultz advised 30 students in I.S. projects that all had an environmental element.

“[Sustainability] was what she was always promoting and talking to us about,” said Mark Snider, associate professor of chemistry.

Sobeck said that environmentalism was the merging of Schultz’s passions “and really everything in her life. … She was passionate and acted as a role model — that passion of living what you believe.” In sustainability, Schultz actively led by example.

Schultz was a key proponent in acquiring grants to gain resources for the department, obtaining funds for faculty and student research and acquiring new mass spectrometry equipment. During her time at Wooster, Schultz brought in well over $800,000 in grants, including cross-departmental collaborations with both the Biology and Geology departments.

As the department’s expert in mass spectrometry, a technique used to identify elements based on the particles that compose them, Schultz was always excited to share how it could be integrated into colleagues’ and students’ research. A well-respected analytical and environmental chemist, Schultz often collaborated with and presented at the Society for Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC), of which she was a member.

“[Schultz] was an active scientist, called upon by national media to answer questions about environmental concerns that involve chemistry applications,” said Snider.

Schultz often sat on advisory committees for grant reviews for the National Science Foundation and actively published her collaborative research during her time at Wooster, which primarily focused on detecting environmental contaminants.

At the end of her first year on campus, Schultz took part in the initial planning of the Environmental Studies (ENVS) minor.

“She had a huge impact [on the program],” said Susan Clayton, professor of psychology and chair of ENVS. “There are a lot of people who care about environmental studies, but there are few people who really throw themselves into it. … It was particularly impressive because she was such a new professor and having her children at this time.”

Schultz served on the curriculum committee for ENVS and team-taught the minor’s required course, Environmental Analysis and Action, more times than any other faculty member, even while undergoing chemotherapy for breast cancer last year.

“I thought it was highly likely that she would be the next chair of the program,” Clayton said.

Schultz was a regular presence in the Sustainability Committee and a chemistry department representative for the new science facility; she was also regularly involved in MLK day lectures and frequently coordinated guest speakers for the chemistry department.

Schultz was a strong role model for all students in science, particularly young girls. She volunteered her time to teach chemistry at day and summer camps for elementary and middle-school-aged girls in the Wooster community, including programs such as Expanding Your Horizons and the Buckeye Women In Science, Engineering, and Research Institute (B-WISER).

She also served as the treasurer of the Local American Chemistry Society Chapter for seven years, which spans several counties. Schultz was a model to many faculty and students.

“Building cross campus connections was important for her and her community,” said Snider. Schultz is remembered as a community builder, both on campus and within the Wooster community.

Schultz was a valuable member of many communities. On campus, she organized departmental gatherings. Off campus, she was a large presence at her children’s Montessori school, according to Snider and Sobeck. She also  started a book club with friends from both on and off campus while also bringing groups together for yoga and running.

“What I’d like people to remember was her ability to make connections between all members of campus,” said Snider.  “She wasn’t just a scientist. [She] bonded well with people, was genuinely interested in everyone, took the time to really get to know people and to help you; she probably took too much time. She was always here. … She was so dedicated to this place.”

Schultz is remembered for her enduring dedication to Wooster, sustainability, and above all, her family and friends. Schultz remained her bright and enthusiastic self throughout her courageous battle with breast cancer last year, concluding successful treatments in November. A wife and mother of three young children, Schultz leaves behind both a loving family and community.

“She just gave everything, all of herself, in every single thing she did,” Snider said. “It kind of wears you down when you do that, but she did it because she strongly believed that she could make a difference, and that everyone can make a difference if you work hard enough … so she did it. She made a difference.”

Thank you, Melissa Schultz, for your difference.

A tree-planting ceremony in Dr. Schultz’s honor will take place on Friday, April 24, and a memorial service will be held on Saturday, April 25 at 1:30 p.m. in Freedlander Theatre. The celebration of her life will be followed by a reception in the lobby. 

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